Developing a national programme of flood risk management measures: Moldova
Developing a national programme of flood risk management measures: Moldova.
Ramsbottom, D.and Frank, E. and Weisgerber, A.
In: FLOODrisk 2016, 18-20 October 2016, Lyon, France. (2016)
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|Abstract:||Following severe floods in 2008 and 2010, the Government of Moldova requested assistance to improve flood protection throughout the country. The European Investment Bank has funded a Technical Assistance project to develop a programme of flood risk management measures.
The approach set out in the Floods Directive has been adopted and extended in order to provide a programme for immediate implementation that would address the main shortcomings in the present flood management system, and provide the basis for the long-term improvement of flood management in Moldova. The steps followed were as follows: Preliminary Flood Risk Assessment (PFRA), in which areas of significant flood risk were identified; Preparation of flood hazard and flood risk maps for the areas of significant flood risk; Preparation of a Master Plan for flood management which includes the long term plan for flood management in Moldova together with a detailed short and medium term implementation programme.
The PFRA included the preparation of a national flood hazard and flood risk map by hydraulic modelling in order to identify the areas of significant flood risk. Moldova has many settlements along the river valleys, and a total of 3,400 km of river (out of a national total of 12,000 km) was identified for detailed study including the two international rivers that pass through Moldova or along the border, the Dniester and the Prut.
Detailed hydraulic models were used to prepare flood hazard and flood risk maps for the selected rivers. The models were fully 2-dimensional including the river channels and floodplains.
Flood risk was calculated using 12 criteria representing social, economic and environmental impacts of flooding. Potential measures were identified and tested using a multi-criteria analysis in order to identify the most viable measures for implementation. The measures included improving the existing flood protection infrastructure and water retention within river catchments.
In parallel with the development of the plan, a programme of capacity building was undertaken to facilitate the handover of the Plan to local staff. This included handing over the modelling system and providing training to staff from the organisations responsible for flood management in Moldova. The project team included local staff, which also helped to increase the local flood risk management capacity.|
|Item Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Flood management; national programme; measures; hydraulic modelling|
|Subjects:||Floods > Flood risk assessment and mapping|
Floods > River management
|Deposited On:||17 May 2016 15:17|
|Last Modified:||18 Jan 2017 13:08|
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