A comparison of approaches to risk-based flood modelling in the US and Europe

A comparison of approaches to risk-based flood modelling in the US and Europe.
Gouldby, B.P.and Simm, J.D. and Murphy, J. and Seering, M.
In: 7th International Conference on Flood Management (ICFM7), 5-7 September 2017, Leeds, UK. (2017)

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Abstract:The approach to floodplain risk management in the US has evolved around the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) and as such is largely focused on establishing Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRM) that specify insurance rates in zones that are anticipated to fall within the zone of inundation that is determined to be associated with the 0.01 percent chance of occurrence during any given year (i.e. 100-yr Flood). While this approach offers a wide range of information for floodplain managers and communities to make decisions about how to best manage at risk portions of their communities, it is not a truly risk-based approach to floodplain management. Furthermore, in order to sustainably fund the US National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), a way has to be found to determine the actuarially based premiums which should be paid by home owners. This imperative has driven the work that will be reported in this paper. Risk, defined as the probability of consequence (e.g. in dollars), enables a broader understanding of: a) the variability of flooding in time and space; b) the pathways that exist between the flooding source and the flood prone area, including the effect of levees (flood defences); and c) the variable probability of occurrence across the floodplain. The paper reviews various full risk based mapping approaches that have either been proposed for the US by various organisations or already adopted in a number of European countries and within the insurance industry. It identifies key challenges for changing the approach in the US in terms of data requirements, methodological tool development, upskilling and communication and concludes by setting out a tentative road map for the US to move from the current system through to the full systems-based flood risk analysis method.
Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Flood Risk Mapping, Flood Insurance
Subjects:Floods > General
ID Code:1440
Deposited On:10 Jan 2018 16:19
Last Modified:10 Jan 2018 16:19

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