Hydrodynamics of sediment transport: grain scale to continuum scale (Keynote)

Hydrodynamics of sediment transport: grain scale to continuum scale (Keynote).
Dey, S.and Ali, S.
In: ICSE 2016 (8th International Conference on Scour and Erosion), 12-15 September 2016, Oxford, UK. (2016)

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Abstract:A theory of sediment transport, describing the entrainment phenomenon from the grain scale to the continuum scale, under a steady-uniform flow over a sediment bed is presented. The sediment grains, assumed as discrete spherical grains, are subjected to turbulent wall-shear flows. At the grain scale, the forces acting on a sediment grain resting over three compact spherical grains are analysed to determine the criteria for entrainment threshold in rolling, sliding and lifting modes taking into account the turbulence effects. Comparison of the theoretical results with the experimental data shows that the entrainment threshold lies within the sliding and lifting modes. Then, at the grain scale, using the log-normal probability density function for the near-bed instantaneous horizontal velocity, the entrainment probabilities in rolling, sliding and lifting modes for a given grain size are derived. The rolling and sliding probabilities increase with an increase in Shields function and after attaining their individual maximum values, they reduce, whereas the lifting probability increases with Shields function. The maximum value of entrainment probability in rolling mode is close to the threshold Shields function in rough flow, whereas the entrainment probability in lifting mode initiates from the value of the threshold Shields function. In a continuum scale, the bedload flux is derived by hypothesising the saltating mode of sediment transport incorporating the lifting probability obtained at the grain scale.
Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects:Coasts > Sediment transport and scour
ID Code:1572
Deposited On:11 Oct 2018 13:38
Last Modified:15 Nov 2018 08:51

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