Impact of the 2011 tsunami on the littoral system around offshore breakwaters on Sendai Coast

Impact of the 2011 tsunami on the littoral system around offshore breakwaters on Sendai Coast.
Tanaka, H.and Mitobe, Y. and Mori, A.
In: ICSE 2016 (8th International Conference on Scour and Erosion), 12-15 September 2016, Oxford, UK. (2016)

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Abstract:After the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake Tsunami, littoral system on Sendai Coast have been changing due to tsunami-induced highly non-equilibrium condition along the coast. In order to clarify the modification of littoral environment and its subsequent recovery on Sendai Coast, analysis of shoreline change has been carried out. In this study, the shoreline was extracted from frequently captured aerial photographs from 2009 until now, and analysis using an empirical orthogonal function (EOF) method was conducted. It is seen that the shoreline retreated greatly due to tsunami event. In particular, tombolo which existed behind the offshore breakwater completely disappeared due to the tsunami. Total of contribution of the 1st and 2nd EOF components is more than 70%. It is concluded that the 1st component originated from cross-shore sediment movement, while the 2nd component represents longshore sediment transport. Although the 1st component shows only slight modification after the tsunami, the 2nd component resulting from a longshore sediment transport shows distinct change after the tsunami around the offshore breakwaters.
Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects:Maritime > General
Coasts > Sediment transport and scour
ID Code:1606
Deposited On:05 Nov 2018 14:01
Last Modified:05 Nov 2018 14:01

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