Hydrodynamic effects of debris blockage and scour on masonry bridges: towards experimental modelling

Hydrodynamic effects of debris blockage and scour on masonry bridges: towards experimental modelling.
Ebrahimi, M.and Kripakaran, P. and Djordjević, S. and Tabor, G. and Kahraman, R. and Prodanović, D. and Arthur, S.
In: ICSE 2016 (8th International Conference on Scour and Erosion), 12-15 September 2016, Oxford, UK. (2016)

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Abstract:This paper describes the preliminary stage of an ongoing project investigating the hydrodynamic effects of debris blockage at masonry bridges. Debris blockage is cited as one of the primary causes of bridge failures in the UK and around the world. Masonry bridges, many of which are valuable historical assets, are particularly vulnerable to debris blockage due to their short spans and low clearance. This paper presents work done as part of the first phase of the project involving experimental research to understand the scientific relationships between debris characteristics and flow conditions. The study, being carried out at Centre for Water Systems at University of Exeter, utilizes a 0.6m-wide and 10m-long flume to run hydraulic experiments in order to characterize the impact of debris blockage on flow hydrodynamics, scour, and hydrodynamic pressures and forces at masonry bridges. This paper outlines the design of the experimental setup and the reasoning behind the choices for preliminary experimental parameters. The experiments are to include testing of bridge models and various 3D-printed debris shapes under realistic flow conditions. Geometry of the bridge and debris models are kept approximately similar to prototype conditions, with hydraulic conditions of the experiments designed to the degree that experimental constraints allow based on Froude similarity. Velocities, scour and hydrodynamic pressures are measured using an Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter, echo-sounding concept and pressure sensors, respectively. Preliminary results indicate that the designed experiments have the potential to enhance our understanding of the hydrodynamic effects of debris blockage.
Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects:Coasts > Sediment transport and scour
ID Code:1655
Deposited On:16 Nov 2018 13:10
Last Modified:16 Nov 2018 13:10

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