A model for scour around bridge piers caused by flood waves

A model for scour around bridge piers caused by flood waves.
Link, O.and Pizarro, A. and Castillo, C. and Ettmer, B. and Manfreda, S.
In: ICSE 2016 (8th International Conference on Scour and Erosion), 12-15 September 2016, Oxford, UK. (2016)

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Abstract:The local scour process during flood waves is modeled introducing the idea of an effective work by the flow on the sediment bed around the pier. Dimensional considerations show different possible formulations for the dimensionless effective flow work W* that, in each case, is shown to be a generalization of the flow intensity concept, commonly used in existing scour formulas. A novel experimental installation able to reproduce any hydrograph with high precision in the laboratory flume is used to carry out steady and unsteady flow experiments in order to calibrate and validate the mathematical model. Results confirm the uniqueness of the relationship between the dimensionless, effective flow work W* and the relative scour depth Z*, highlighting the high predictive capacity of scour depth caused by any hydrograph. The proposed model provides good performances allowing a straightforward prediction of maximum scour depth and its evolution.
Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects:Coasts > Sediment transport and scour
ID Code:1668
Deposited On:20 Nov 2018 13:13
Last Modified:20 Nov 2018 13:13

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