The development of automated spatial and temporal measurement system for lab-scale local scour

The development of automated spatial and temporal measurement system for lab-scale local scour.
Porhemmat, M.and Wan Mohtar, W. and El-Shafie, A.
In: ICSE 2016 (8th International Conference on Scour and Erosion), 12-15 September 2016, Oxford, UK. (2016)

Download:[img]
Preview
document citation PDF (1035Kb)
Abstract:The spatial and temporal measurements of local scour around bridge piers provide the quantification of local scouring process. Most studies on a laboratory scale faced difficulties in obtaining a holistic local spatial variability around bridge pier, especially for continuous small time interval. Long experimental period, which could take up to few days, does not permit a consistent time interval spatial scour measurement due in particular to the physical constraints that exist under laboratory conditions. This study proposed an automated, cost-effective system which is capable of detecting changes in both spatial and temporal local scour. The system allows measurement to be made by using data recorder at an adjustable distance (± 0.1 mm) and angle (± 0.1˚) from the original position, which is programmed and controlled with an Arduino, which is an open source microcontroller with multiple capability of controlling electrical components such as motors and sensors. When the data recorder is in position, data is automatically captured and sequentially saved at a particular spatial interval. In this study, a web camera was used as a data recorder to capture images in the azimuthal plane for a one-hour interval. Images were captured for 30 seconds per measurement per position. The system was set up to monitor and measure the temporal and spatial local scour continuously in an 80-hour experiment. Results show that the location of maximum scour depth varied for different time intervals, and migrated from downstream to upstream of the pier. The rate of scour decreased as duration of experiment was increased. The system was able to provide a holistic view of both spatial and temporal variability in the development of local scour on a laboratory scale.
Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects:Coasts > Sediment transport and scour
ID Code:1672
Deposited On:20 Nov 2018 13:37
Last Modified:20 Nov 2018 13:37

Repository Staff Only: item control page