Experimental investigations of critical hydraulic gradients for a soil prone to suffusion

Experimental investigations of critical hydraulic gradients for a soil prone to suffusion.
Salehi Sadaghiani, M.and Witt, K. and Odenwald, B.
In: ICSE 2016 (8th International Conference on Scour and Erosion), 12-15 September 2016, Oxford, UK. (2016)

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Abstract:The presence of soils, which are at the limit state of internal stability, is a potential risk to earthworks under seepage flow. Therefore, it is necessary to identify unstable soils and to estimate hydraulic gradients at which the suffusion can be initiated respectively progressed. An experimental study has been carried out to quantify critical hydraulic gradients for a widely graded soil. For the tested soil, in downwards vertical percolation experiments, the global critical hydraulic gradients lie in the different ranges between icrit = 0:1 to 5:5 with dependency on the particle arrangement. The critical hydraulic gradient was investigated using various types of sample preparation technique. Moreover, suffusion tests using several types of samples with the same particle size distribution have been carried out. It states that for such a widely graded soil, the main problem is the particle arrangement. In other words, the suffusion might be not problematic if there is no segregation. Sometimes a specific amount of segregation also stabilizes the sample against suffusion. The common way of sample preparation delivers comparable results to the results of other researchers.
Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects:Coasts > Sediment transport and scour
ID Code:1693
Deposited On:22 Nov 2018 13:00
Last Modified:22 Nov 2018 13:00

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