Model tests on subsurface cavities below road pavement due to sand eruption from the liquefied ground

Model tests on subsurface cavities below road pavement due to sand eruption from the liquefied ground.
Kuwano, J.and Kuwano, R. and Horiuchi, Y.
In: ICSE 2016 (8th International Conference on Scour and Erosion), 12-15 September 2016, Oxford, UK. (2016)

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Abstract:A significant number of subsurface cavities was found in the liquefied ground after the 2011 Great East Japan earthquake. Using the results of the radar exploration conducted along the coastal area of Tokyo Bay, characteristics of subsurface cavities were investigated. The size and shape of the cavities are larger and thinner compared to those of cavities observed in the non-liquefied ground. A series of model tests was conducted in order to understand the mechanism of sand eruption and underground cavity formation when liquefaction occurs. It was found that the flow rate at the opening seems to be the most important factor for the sand eruption.
Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects:Coasts > Sediment transport and scour
ID Code:1704
Deposited On:22 Nov 2018 13:33
Last Modified:22 Nov 2018 13:36

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