Sustainable methods for reducing communities’ vulnerability to flooding in Mozambique
Sustainable methods for reducing communities’ vulnerability to flooding in Mozambique.
Lumbroso, D.and Ramsbottom, D. and Spaliviero, M.
In: 3rd International Symposium on Integrated Water Resources Management, 26 to 28 September 2006, Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany. (2006)
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|Abstract:||Mozambique is located at the downstream end of nine major international river basins. Over the past 50 years there have been a number of devastating floods that have affected millions of people in Mozambique, as well as the economy of one of the world’s poorest countries. In 2000 Mozambique was hit by widespread floods covering seven river basins that were some of the worst on record. The 2000 floods affected some two million Mozambicans and cost approximately 20% of the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
A cost-benefit analysis of structural versus non-structural measures has indicated that in Mozambique a structural approach to flood management cannot be justified. This is a result of the width of the floodplains, low population densities and the pressing development needs, such as improvements to water supply and sanitation infrastructure. As a consequence flood mitigation measures need to focus on non-structural solutions, such as reducing vulnerability to flooding and improving preparedness.
This paper details the development of sustainable flood mitigations strategies, and the production of awareness raising and educational tools to reduce poor communities’ vulnerability to flooding. The tools, which were developed in partnership with local stakeholders, include a Source Book on sustainable flood mitigation strategies, a series of posters, together with a manual and card game aimed at improving flood preparedness amongst school children.
The flood mitigation strategies were piloted in partnership with three communities in the Limpopo River basin. The objective was to encourage those reliant on floodplains for their livelihoods to ‘help themselves’ through increased awareness, responsibility and sense of ownership of the problems and their solutions. The results of the developed strategies were then implemented in partnership with the communities in an effort to increase their resilience to future floods.
|Item Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)|
|Subjects:||Floods > General|
|Deposited On:||27 Apr 2009 12:46|
|Last Modified:||08 Aug 2017 05:01|
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