Using evacuation models to inform sustainable flood risk management policies
Using evacuation models to inform sustainable flood risk management policies.
Lumbroso, D.and Di Mauro, M. and Tagg, A. and Woods-Ballard, B.
In: European Symposium on Flood Risk Management Research 2007, 6 to 7 February 2007 , Dresden, Germany . (2007)
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|Abstract:||The Environment Agency, Local Authorities and rescue services in England and Wales are faced with a number of challenges when managing the risk posed by the failure of flood defences and dams. Until recently, there has been little research undertaken in the UK on evacuation modelling from the perspective of improving flood risk management and informing emergency management plans.
The modelling of the evacuation process generated by an approaching flood can assist in:
•Identifying the potential risks to life under dam or flood defence breach scenarios;
•Assessing the time people have to reach safe havens;
•Identifying potential escape bottlenecks;
•Determining the impact of road closures due to flooding;
•Planning and prioritising evacuation routes and safe havens for effective risk management.
Being able to model a range of evacuation scenarios can lead to the establishment of appropriate evacuation policies, strategies, and contingency plans and can help facilitate communication and information transfer.
This research have been carried out under Task 17 of the EC research project FLOODsite. The application of an evacuation and loss-of-life model, developed in Canada, to a number of heavily defended areas of the UK is described. The potential use of evacuation models in supporting the development of emergency management plans in the UK for communities living behind flood defences and downstream of large dams will also be discussed.
|Item Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)|
|Subjects:||Floods > General|
|Deposited On:||01 Apr 2009 15:23|
|Last Modified:||07 Aug 2017 12:19|
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