A review of sediment dynamics in the Severn Estuary: Influence of flocculation
A review of sediment dynamics in the Severn Estuary: Influence of flocculation.
Manning, A.J.and Langston, W.J. and Jonas, P.J.C.
Marine Pollution Bulletin, 61 (Issues 1-3). pp. 37-51. (2010)
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|Official URL:||http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/0025326X |
|Abstract:||This paper provides a review and critique of the distributions and characteristics of non-cohesive and cohesive sediments within the Severn Estuary, with particular reference to floc properties. The estuary is hyper-tidal and, consequently, highly turbid along most of its length and it generally has two turbidity maxima. In the upper reaches of the estuary, suspended particulate matter (SPM) concentrations can be in excess of 10 g l−1 for river flows up to 50 m3 s−1, rising to over 50 g l−1 during periods of lower river flow. The lower estuary turbidity maximum originates in the vicinity of Bridgwater Bay where SPM concentrations may vary between 0.1–200 g l−1. The formation of fluid mud is coupled to the spring-neap cycle and strong vertical gradients in SPM concentrations produce turbulence damping and drag reduction effects, and hence impair the ability of the flow to transport sediments. Flocculation is an important mechanism for controlling the behaviour of fine sediments and mean settling velocities of flocs vary between 0.8–6 mm s−1. A secondary consequence of flocculation is the formation of mud:sand mixtures in turbid suspensions. Improved understanding of the significance of flocculation processes is crucial as they may exert an influence on the mechanism by which adsorbed contaminants are transported in the system.
|Subjects:||Floods > River management|
Coasts > Sediment transport and scour
|Deposited On:||01 Mar 2010 11:18|
|Last Modified:||11 Aug 2014 10:56|
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