An investigation into processes influencing the morphodynamics of an intertidal mudflat, the Dollard Estuary, The Netherlands

An investigation into processes influencing the morphodynamics of an intertidal mudflat, the Dollard Estuary, The Netherlands.
Dyer, K.and Christie, M.C. and Feates, N. and Fennessy, M.J. and Pejrup, M. and van der Lee, W.
Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 50 . 607-625 . (2000)

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Abstract:I. Hydrodynamics and Suspended sediment As part of an interdisciplinary experiment, a series of measurements have been obtained on the mudflats of the Dollard Estuary, the Netherlands. The aim was to investigate the sediment transport and accumulation processes occurring during the covering and uncovering of the mudflats, particularly as the area was known to be ebb current dominant. Current velocity measurements confirmed the ebb dominance, and suspended matter concentrations measured over several tidal cycles in calm weather revealed that the highest concentrations occurred at the beginning of the flood and the end of the ebb. The resulting sediment flux, however, was flood dominant. During windy weather the balance of flux changed to ebb dominance. Measurements of floc size and settling velocity show a major organic component produced by entrainment of a thin surface layer during the early flood tide. During a windy period settling velocities in the adjacent channel together with the concentration variations showed a phase lag with water depth and velocity. The highest settling velocities occurred at about slack water, and there were residual ebb fluxes of suspended sediment. It is concluded that the ebb dominance of the currents is not apparent in the sediment fluxes during calm weather, but in periods of high winds the flux is likely to be ebb directed, except when diatom productivity is high. The overall response is similar to that of flood dominated mudflats.
Item Type:Article
Subjects:Maritime > General
Maritime > Estuary management
ID Code:473
Deposited On:17 Jan 2011 12:00
Last Modified:07 Aug 2014 06:17

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