Prediction of time-evolving sand ripples in shelf seas

Prediction of time-evolving sand ripples in shelf seas.
Soulsby, R.L.and Whitehouse, R.J.S. and Marten, K.
Continental Shelf Research, 38 . pp. 47-62. (2012)

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Official URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2012.02.016
Abstract:The ability to predict the presence and physical properties of small-scale sand ripples on the sea bed is important for determining the bed roughness felt by currents and waves, for sediment transport applications, and for acoustic applications. A fully time-evolving model is presented for predicting the height, length and orientation of sand ripples generated by currents, waves or both, which includes processes dealing with threshold of motion, ripple wash-out and biological degradation. We believe that this is currently the only predictor to feature all these properties, and is thus more widely applicable to shelf seas than other more sophisticated, but less comprehensive, methods. Tests against a large data-set of observations using an Acoustic Ripple Profiler at a site on the east coast of England, where ripples are generated by both tidal currents and waves, showed that the predictor captures most of the main features observed. A modified criterion for the wave/current dominance in the prediction equations improved some aspects of the agreement. The properties of current-generated ripples are predicted accurately, but the wavelength, and to a lesser extent the height, of wave-generated ripples show some under-prediction. Ripple orientations are modelled in an approximate way, but the main features of the observed orientations are captured. The bio-degradation feature of the predictor could not be tested with this data-set.
Item Type:Article
Subjects:Coasts > General
ID Code:538
Deposited On:15 Apr 2013 16:09
Last Modified:24 Aug 2017 11:56

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