In situ determination of flocculated suspended material settling velocities and characteristics using a Floc Camera

In situ determination of flocculated suspended material settling velocities and characteristics using a Floc Camera.
Haught, D.R.W.and Manning, A.J. and Schoellhamer, D.
In: HMEM 2012, 12-15 August 2012, Utah, USA. (2012)

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Abstract:Estimates of suspended sediment settling are necessary for numerical sediment models, water quality studies, and rehabilitation of coastal ecosystems. Settling of cohesive sediment, which is common in estuaries, is more difficult to quantify than noncohesive sediment because of flocculation. Flocs are composed of an aggregation of finer silts, clays, and organic material. Floc characteristics, such as the diameter, density, porosity, and water content determine floc settling velocities. A floc camera provides the ability to capture the settling velocities and other desired characteristics of individual flocs in situ. Water samples taken using a Van Dorn sampler are immediately subsampled using a pipette and transferred to the floc camera. The Perspex settling column is outfitted with a LED backlighting to distinguish flocs. The floc camera’s high pixel and temporal resolution allows image analysis software to detect individual flocs and process floc statistics per image. Observed changes in floc location with respect to time presents a way of calculating settling velocities. This work presents results of validation tests with known sediment size distributions and of deployment of the camera during a field study.
Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects:Coasts > General
ID Code:633
Deposited On:19 Mar 2013 15:21
Last Modified:24 Aug 2017 11:59

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